Women with disabilities

For more information and resources about working with women with disabilities, visit the Women with Disabilities Victoria or 1800RESPECT websites.

Practice resources

“Whatever it takes”: Access for women with disabilities to domestic and family violence services: Key findings and future directions

“Whatever it takes”: Access for women with disabilities to domestic and family violence services is a new ANROWS research report that aims to help tertiary response services to respond effectively to the needs of women with disabilities. It draws on the experiences of women with disabilities who have experienced violence and abuse and have used tertiary response services.

Women with disabilities who have experienced violence seek help and support from tertiary services for similar reasons that other women do, including family and intimate partner abuse, sexual harassment and assault, coercive control, and stalking. However, women with disabilities also experience abuse related to their disability, including institutional violence and denial of provision of essential care

The research situates the perspectives of women with disabilities within case study sites and expands on the promising practice within these services through action research with local groups formed from the sites. It has informed the development of recommendations and guidelines for improved access and effective practice.

The key findings of the research include:

  • Accessibility requires more than physically modified accommodation or providing interpreters for people with sensory impairments. Women with disabilities who participated in the research provided insights drawn from their experiences that suggest a need to extend the definition of “access” to include appropriateness, approachability, and acceptability as core components.
  • By addressing broader issues of access in addition to disability-specific needs (such as the way information is provided to meet broad information access needs), the interface between what services offer and what women with disabilities need can be better aligned.
  • Tertiary response services are not experts in disability and meeting some women’s specific access needs can be challenging. A “clash of cultures” between tertiary response services and other services that support women with disabilities was identified that hampered collaboration.
  • At times, agencies providing services to women with disabilities who have experienced violence tended to act in ways that sought to “protect them” from being traumatised further, which led to less rather than more access to supports and services.
  • Rather than simply referring women with disabilities to disability services for support, a process for DFV services to collaborate and engage with disability services (rather than handing over to them) was developed.

From these findings, the research recommends:

  • Promoting access and accessibility: Services should review their understanding of “disability” and “access” and ensure that they provide services that are approachable; acceptable and appropriate; and affordable and available.
  • Building cross-sector collaboration: In order to support initiatives for cross-sector collaboration, the emerging models of promising practice identified in this research should be further developed and informed using a facilitated process of reflection, consultation and engagement with other tertiary response services.
  • Involving women with disabilities: Women with disabilities should be consulted about their experiences using tertiary response services and their advice incorporated into planning and practice development.
  • High-quality data collection: DFV services should collect data on the disability experiences of clients. Qualitative and quantitative data measures across all programs offered in DFV services should be developed and implemented, and tied to the same measurement and reporting metrics for other demographic characteristics (e.g. age, Indigenous status, and so on).
— Getting Safe Against the Odds

A DVRCV guide is for service providers in the family violence and disabilities fields who support women with disabilities experiencing family violence.

— Violence Against Women with Disabilities

Women with Disabilities Victoria fact sheets.

— Toolkit for disability-inclusive family violence services

This DV NSW and People with a Disability Australia toolkit is designed to enhance the family violence sector’s response to violence against women with disability.

— Understanding violence against women with disabilities

A 1800RESPECT webinar.

— A practioners’ guide to the Disability Support Act 2006

A DHHS guide.

— Safety Planning for Women With Disabilities

A 1800RESPECT guide.

— Victims of Crime Easy English Resources

These Easy English resources support people with limited literacy to understand when violent crime, including family violence, has happened to them and what they can do.

Other resources

— Voices Against Violence (seven papers)

Voices Against Violence is the landmark research conducted by Women with Disabilities Victoria (WDV), in partnership with the Office for the Public Advocate (OPA) and the Domestic Violence Resources Centre Victoria (DVRCV). The 2014 project reports on the extent and nature of violence against women with disabilities in Victoria. It can be ordered from WDV.

— Violence Against Women with Disabilities

A Women with Disabilities Victoria position paper.

— Tell Someone campaign videos

The Southern Metropolitan Region Integrated Family Violence Services Executive created a series of videos for the “Tell Someone” campaign, featured on the campaign website. This campaign aims to educate people with a mild intellectual disability about family violence.

— Victorian Parliamentary Inquiry into Abuse in Disability Services interim report

Victoria’s Parliamentary Committee on Family and Community Development Committee has delivered its Interim Report to inform Victoria’s role in the development of a national disability services quality and safeguarding framework.

— Victorian Ombudsman’s Investigation into disability abuse report

This phase 1 report investigates how allegations of abuse in the disability sector are reported and investigated.

For more resources about risk assessment and safety planning, visit 1800RESPECTThe Lookout and or the DHHS website.

Risk assessment

— Family Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Management Framework (Common Risk Assessment Framework, or CRAF) manual

The Family Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Management Framework, also known as the Common Risk Assessment Framework (CRAF) manual, has been designed to help practitioners working in a wide range of fields to understand and identify risk factors associated with family violence.

— Using the Family Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Management framework

Developed by Swinburne University, this tool provides a guide to using the CRAF.

— CRAF materials and resources

The Lookout website has CRAF resources, including training handbooks and a DVD.

— Introduction to Risk Assessment Video

A 1800RESPECT video, introducing family violence risk assessment.

— eCRAF Module One

The first e-learning module on Family Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Management Framework, or the CRAF, is now online.

Safety planning

— Introduction to Safety Planning Video

A 1800RESPECT video, introducing family violence safety planning.

— Safety Planning Check List

A 1800RESPECT tool.

— Safety Planning When Children are Involved Video

A 1800RESPECT video.

— Safety Planning for Women With Disabilities

A 1800RESPECT tool.

— Daisy app

Daisy is an app for women experiencing sexual assault, family violence and domestic violence. Daisy is free and can connect women to specialist services in their state and local area.

— Gathering Support

An updated booklet developed by DVRCV with comprehensive information for women on keeping safe when separating, technology safety advice and safety planning.

— Information sharing in the context of family violence

This DHHS fact sheet has been prepared to assist all types of agencies working together as part of the integrated family violence system in making decisions about information-sharing in the context of responding to family violence.